Identification, description and results of implemented / ongoing activities
Construction of a typology of leadership positions in the promotion of Gender Equality (28 interviews):
This typology allows us to capture and discuss different perceptions and readiness to promote and implement equality measures and plans;
Positions of resistance, support or ambivalence towards the promotion of gender equality in higher education were identified and differences in terms of the disciplinary areas of training of the leaders as well as the "gender cultures" of their organisations were taken into consideration.
Analysis of successful Academic Women's journeys (11 interviews):
In line with previous research and the literature review, the careers of successful women in the academic context were marked by numerous obstacles in achieving leadership positions and success. In this analysis the different scientific areas to which these women belong and the structure of opportunities created by the profound transformation of the Portuguese and European university landscape that has taken place over the last few decades were considered.
We found that the perception of the existence of a gender bias favourable to men increased throughout their careers and specifically when they began to occupy positions of power previously dominated by men. In contrast to male academic leaders, women showed a greater need to justify their career choices by considering work-life balance.
Activity 4 – I Webinar GE-HEI (First Interim Meeting)
Four HEIs were selected to carry out the Case Study, and a Focal Point was appointed in each institution to plan the activities and request specific data. The databases provided by the four HEIs were analysed, and Information Sessions were prepared and held to start the studies. The data collection phase took place remotely in all selected HEIs, with a total of 34 individual interviews with top and middle management and 12 focus groups with teaching, student and non-teaching staff. The Case Study at HEI 1 took place at a Public University, School of Management and Economics, and was concluded in April 2022.
The Case Study at HEI 2 took place at a Public Polytechnic, School of Engineering and Technology, and was concluded in May 2022. The Case Study at HEI 3 took place at a Public Univ., School of Engineering and was concluded in October 2022. The Case Study at HEI 4, took place at a Public Univ., School of Social Sciences, Education and Humanities, and is scheduled for completion in February 2023.
In the first three HEIs return workshops were held, to discuss the main trends found and the data collected on gender equality in the respective institution and the readiness for the development of measures. Following those three reflection moments, all institutions expressed their willingness to continue the work done through future collaborations with the CIEG research team. The preparation of the workshop for the fourth and last case study is currently underway, as well as the comparative analysis between the four studies and the triangulation of all information collected through other sources.
The results found will be presented through scientific outputs and at the International Conference of the project.
Activity 6 – II Webinar GE-HEI (Second Interim Meeting)
Activity 9 - Bilateral Meeting
Description: The Bilateral Meeting: GE-HEI - Gender Equality in Higher Education Institutions was a meeting between the national partners, the donor states partners and the project consultant in Iceland.
Outcomes of activities undertaken /in progress: The team presented three papers and participated in two discussions at this event.
On the first day, were debated "Major Themes in Gender and Higher Education Research" - The team participated with the paper The Changing Contexts of Gender Distribution in Portuguese HEI - Main findings and in the roundtable Comparing the Gendering of HE Institutions in Iceland and Portugal; and "From Policy to Practice" - The team participated with the paper Lessons learned and reflections about policy formulation and implementation in Portugal.
On the second day, under the theme "Mitigating Resistances to Gender Equality in HE", the team participated with the communication "Resistance to GE promotion: arguments and counterarguments" and in the discussion "Developing a Theory of Resistance to GE in Portuguese HE".
This event allowed us to deepen how measures and strategies to promote equality in HEI in Portugal and other countries have been promoted; to collect lessons learned to make the diagnosis of the main challenges and needs of the Portuguese Higher Education System; and to increase knowledge and allow comparison with practices from other countries, particularly from national partners, the partner from the Donor States and the Project Consultant.